• Vape Blog
             Vaping news, reviews & more!

What Is An Electronic Cigarette?

An electronic cigarette is an electrical device that vapourises e-liquid into an inhalable form. It is an alternative way to obtain the nicotine your body is craving. Made from three component parts; a rechargeable battery, a tank and a coil, easy enough for any adult to use and make the switch to vaping.

Sound easy? That’s because it is. But let’s delve deeper and look at each of these components in detail to give you a full understanding of how they work and complement each other.

What Is An E-cig Battery?

Every electronic cigarette needs a battery to work. The battery provides power to your coil, or more specifically the wire inside it. This causes the coil, which should be saturated in e-liquid, to heat up, producing vapour. 

Let’s talk about integrated and removable e-cig batteries.

  • Integrated e-cig batteries are within the body of your device and cannot be removed. These are charged using an on-board USB port and usually feature passthrough charging, which means you can continue to vape while your e-cig is on charge. 
  • Removable batteries can be taken out of your device to charge them. Some can be charged within your device using an on-board USB port, but it is normally advised to remove them and use an external charger.
  • There are pros and cons to each of these batteries. Integrated batteries require little maintenance, everything is already combined and it is simply a case of plugging them in, they normally have larger battery capacities too. But once your battery reaches the end of its natural life, as all batteries do, you need to replace your whole e-cig body as internal batteries cannot be replaced.
  • Removable batteries can be swapped over when they reach the end of their natural life and simply replaced with a new one. Some vapers prefer these for everyday vaping as if your battery runs out you do not need to plug your e-cig in, you can carry a fully charged spare and swap it out. But you need to buy another piece of vaping kit, an external charger and they tend to have a smaller battery capacity.
  • No matter which type of battery you choose, your e-cig will either have settings to adjust or it will be a simple press and go e-cig.
  • If there are no settings to adjust it will have either a direct output or fixed output. This means you have no control over what power the battery provides to your coil. It is either determined by the remaining charge left in your battery, or it has a pre-set power output.
  • If there are settings to adjust it will either be variable voltage, variable wattage, variable temperature or a mix of all three. Let’s have a look at these in detail.

What Is Variable Voltage Vaping?

Variable voltage in the vaping world is the electromotive force delivered by the battery, this voltage is delivered to the coil contained within the heating element. Although this sounds complicated, it is simple. When you connect your e-cig tank, with fitted coil, onto your variable voltage e-cig battery you will need to adjust the voltage yourself depending on what resistance coil you have.

Too little voltage and it won't heat up quick enough and you will struggle to produce any vapour. Too much voltage and you run the risk of prematurely burning out your coil. As long as you know what resistance your coil is, and its preferred voltage you can just adjust your settings and vape. Remember, if you change your coil to a different resistance the settings will need adjusting each time.

What Is Variable Wattage Vaping?

Time to get technical again. Variable wattage refers to the power generated to the coil as a result of the battery's electromotive force. Whatever you set the wattage on your e-cig to, it will give you that wattage by automatically adjusting the voltage for you. For example, if you set it to 10 watts, no matter what resistance coil you have in your tank, it will give you 10 watts by automatically setting the correct voltage to generate 10 watts of power.

You don't need to adjust wattage every time you change your coil or swap tanks, find a wattage and coil resistance you like and stay there. Although as with everything in vaping there are some exceptions to the rules so always read the manuals that are included in your e-cig.

What Is Temperature Control Vaping?

Variable temperature (VT) requires slightly more preparation, but adds another level of control and regulation that can provide an outstanding vaping experience.

When in variable temperature mode you need to use a specific heating element that has a coil built using wire designed to work alongside VT. This is usually nickel, titanium or stainless steel. With one of these VT coils installed you set a target temperature on your VT device in Fahrenheit or Celsius. Your coil is rapidly heated to your selected temperature, and by continuously monitoring the change in coil resistance which is caused by temperature change, the power applied to the coil is varied to keep your temperature constant. Without the control that VT provides, it means that your coil can surpass their heat limit and fire much hotter than is ideal, with VT vaping the risk of this is drastically reduced.

Your selected temperature is reached in a fraction of a second meaning that full vapour, flavour and nicotine 'hit' are delivered instantly and are much more intense from the beginning of the draw. No flavour degradation from having to take long, slow draws. In fact you can draw as hard or as gently as you want and the temperature control ensures the vapour is being evaporated from a coil close to your set temperature, so the flavour stays the same.

In a nutshell – None VT vaping tends to have its best part in the middle of a vape, whereas VT vaping extends this 'golden period' to make the whole experience the best bit.

What Is An E-cig Tank?

  • Your e-cig tank houses your coil and also your chosen e-liquid. They can be constructed from various materials, such as durable plastic to metal and glass.
  • All tanks are now restricted to a 2ml capacity, this is due to TRPR regulations, so the maximum tank size will never exceed 2ml.
  • There are different filling mechanisms, but you usually fill a tank though the top or bottom. Each e-cig tank has its own coil to fit it, usually with a variety of coil types and resistances.
  • Almost all e-cig tanks will work on the majority of mods or batteries, again there are some exceptions to this but not many.

What Is A Coil?

A coil is a unit that sits inside your e-cig tank, it houses wire and wicking material.

As you draw on your e-cig, e-liquid is drawn onto the coil, at the same time you press the firing button on your battery which heats the wirel and vapourises your e-liquid into an inhalable form.

There are different types of coil and wicking material available with the most popular combination being kanthal wire and cotton wicking.

Available for each of the tanks sold at The Electronic Cigarette Company, there are a variety of coil resistances available to vapers.

But why does the resistance of your coil matter? In the simplest terms the lower the resistance the more power it needs, but will provide more throat hit and vapour.

What Is A Sub-ohm Coil?

A sub-ohm coil contains a wire build that is below 1.0ohm resistance. As explained above, vapers would pick a sub-ohm coil if they wanted to produce more vapour.

Where Can I Find Electronic Cigarettes At The Electronic Cigarette Company?

Choosing the right e-cig is essential, but doesn’t have to be daunting. Yes, there is a lot of choice, but that’s the great thing about vaping, choice.

You are not limited to one device, there is a perfect e-cig for every vaper. In our starter kits section you will find some of our most popular e-cigarettes for beginners and their key features, have a look and see which one jumps out at you.

Browse our Starter Kits or E-cig Kits and Devices.