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What is an E-Cigarette?

What is an E-Cigarette?
An E-Cigarette (electronic cigarette) is a nicotine delivery device that creates a vapour which is inhaled.

The earliest e-cigarette was developed in 1963 by Herbert A. Gilbert who patented a device that he described as ‘a smokeless non-tobacco cigarette’.  Gilbert’s e-cigarette used heated, moist, flavoured air.’ By heating a nicotine solution, this first design created steam. Despite being approached by several companies, the product was never produced on a mass scale.

Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is credited with the creation of a more modern e-cigarette design 37 year later. Hon Lik’s design produced a smoke-like vapour that could be inhaled and act as a vehicle for nicotine to enter the bloodstream. It was another four years until this product was introduced to the Chinese market.
E-cigarettes are made up of three major components:


  • The battery: offering higher power capacities, safety protection and customisable features.
  • The atomizer: with various coil types including nickel and titanium for temperature control devices
  • The tank: available in a wide range of sizes to accommodate more e-liquid

Battery: At the base of the e-cigarette is the battery. The battery serves to power the e-cigarette and today the majority of e-cigarette batteries are easily recharged with the use of a mains adaptor or a USB port directly linked to a computer. Many models have an indicator light to help users determine when the e-cigarette needs to be recharged with the more innovative designs now including an OLED digital screen to display vaping information.

Atomizer: The middle part of the e-cigarette is the atomizer. The atomizer contains a heating coil which serves to vaporise the e-liquid and consists of a wick which draws the liquid in. As the coil heats up the e-liquid turns into the vapour that users inhale. The inhalation of the vapour produced is known as ‘vaping’. 

Tank: The very top part of the device is the tank and this is where the e-liquid is stored and the mouthpiece is connected.

Innovations in Technology

With much research and development, today’s e-cigarettes have many advanced features such as adjustable airflow, variable voltage, variable wattage, temperature control and safety protection.

You can find out more about these features in our glossary here.

E-cigarettes have never been better and with tanks and batteries in various colours, personalising your e-cigarette has never been easier.

Advances have been made in the development of e-liquid too and the range of flavours and strengths is growing.  At TECC we have tested all our e-liquid ranges to provide customer safety and to create a unique vaping experience.